Edged Weapons Collection

Edged weapons consist of four main parts; the hilt, the quillon, the blade and the scabbard. The collection of Çanakkale Naval Museum Command mostly includes edged weapons belonging to the 20th Century. 


The ceremonial swords in our collection mostly comprise swords issued to naval officers. The hilts of the ceremonial swords with silver pommels, quillons and cross guards are ornamented with lion heads or with spiral silver wire depending on the period and nationality.


One of the most outstanding pieces in the collection, revealing the terrifying traces of the battle, is the kukri. This weapon was used by the British dominion soldiers; the Gurkhas. The finest detail of the kukri is the heavy curved blade. 

Scimitar emerged as a new form of sword starting from the 17th Century. The most distinctive feature of this new type of sword is its short and broad blade, enlarging to the tip. The hilt is made of bone and ivory and is large. The quillon is long and has a pommel form towards the tip. The blade has a broad fuller on each side.


The most popular sword types of the 16th and the 17th Centuries were the “epees” and the “rapiers”. From the beginning of the 18th Century, a significant reduction in size was applied to the swords.

Rapiers belonging to different periods can be found in our museum collection.


Yataghan swords, introduced in the second half of the 16th Century in Ottoman Empire, possess significance as to their forms and functions. Yataghan swords were commonly used by Janissaries and Levends and were usually carried inside the scabbards and in the waist cloth. The steel barrel of the yataghan is curved with the cutting edge on the inside with single blade and is embellished with gold and silver depending on the period.