Firearms Collection


The cannons compose the majority of our Firearms Collection. 118 cannons can be found in the museum collection.

The cannons displayed in our museum range from cannons manufactured during Ottoman period to the ones purchased after the declaration of Republic.

Among the cannons used by the Allied forces during Çanakkale Battles, French 1884 model Bourges manufactured 24 cm cannon and gun carriages along with 1878 and 1913 model 10.5 cm Schneider field guns are also exhibited at the outdoor exhibition areas.

Among the cannons belonging to the Post-Republican period, 1937 model 7.5 cm mountain gun and field guns along with 1941 model British anti-tank guns with a calibre of 5.5 cm are also on display.

The unexploded 38 cm shell on the wall of Çimenlik Fortress fired from the British Battleship Queen Elizabeth on March 18, 1915 and shrapnel pieces on the wall of the second floor of the fortress are among the unique objects accompanying the visitors in the museum during their time travel in history.


The earliest models of rifle collection are the 18th Century flintlocks and the 19th Century Ottoman carbines.

In our museum, 1887, 1888, 1890, 1893, 1903 and 1905 model German Mauser rifles used by the Turks in particular during Çanakkale Battles; 1891 model Russian Mosin-Nagant; British Lee-Enfield used by the Allied Forces; French Lebel and Berthier and Austria manufactured Mannlicher infantry rifles are exhibited.


In our machine gun collection German, British, American, French, Italian, Austrian and Russian origin heavy and light machine rifles and machine guns comprising a wide period ranging from 1907 to 1953 models can be found.

Austrian 1907/12 model water cooled Schwarzlose heavy machine gun used by the Turks and Germans during the First World War, 1910 model Russian Maxim machine gun, 1919 model American Browning and British 1909 model Hotchkiss Portable Mark 1 machine guns along with MG 42 machine gun and Bergman machine guns purchased from Germany during the Second World War can be shown as examples.


The pistols in the museum collection can be classified as machine pistols and revolvers; the former mostly being adopted in recent era consisting of American UD M 42 and German MP 40 models. The revolvers mostly date back to earlier times. 19th Century Austrian origin revolvers are also on display.

Along with the matchlocks of the 18th Century Ottoman-Balkan region, pistols with percussion lock and needle fire system can also be found in our collection. Belgium origin percussion lock pistol, 1873 model Austrian Gasser and 1872 model American Smith Wesson pistols are also exhibited.

One of the showpieces in the collection is the 1896 model German Mauser pistol, which was one of the standard officer pistols in the First World War. The wooden case of the pistol also functions as the butt end.


Mines in the museum vary in terms of periodical features, ranging from Turkish and British mines used in Çanakkale Battles to mines used by Turkish army at the end of the 20th Century.

The most attractive mines in the museum are the exploded original mine exhibited on the first floor of the inner fortress and the exploded Turkish and British mines exhibited in front of Lieutenant Commander Nazmi Bey Picture and Exhibition Hall.


Among the torpedoes, the torpedo tube of the Destroyer Muavenet-i Milliye is one of the most attractive pieces in the collection considering the important role it played in history. Built by the donations of the public raised by the Ottoman Navy League, the Destroyer Muavenet-i Milliye took its place in history by firing 3 of its torpedoes and thus sinking the British Battleship Goliath in Morto Bay on May 13, 1915. 1 torpedo tube out of 3 torpedoes of the Destroyer Muavenet-i Milliye is exhibited on the second floor of the fortress. One of the torpedo tubes of the mobile torpedoes that were placed on the shore in these dates in Çimenlik and Kilitbahir is also on display at the open-air museum exhibition area.